Authored By Murigi

What is rutin?

Rutin is a type of plant based antioxidant called bioflavonoids. It is water soluble and hence may need regular intake because the body cannot store water soluble nutrients for long. This are usually bright colored pigments in certain plants and more so in fruits and vegetables. Its antioxidant properties help in keeping the body’s metabolic products called free radicals within healthy levels. If these radicals are persistently high and out of control, they can increase the incidence of chronic inflammatory and autoimmune diseases.

Rutin is important in collagen (a type of connective tissue) formation and the metabolism of vitamin C. it supports the body’s uptake of vitamin A. other names that identify rutin include:

  • Bioflavonoid complex
  • Citrus bioflavonoid
  • Bioflavonoid extract
  • Citrus flavones and
  • Bioflavonoid concentrate

Signs and symptoms of rutin deficiency

A diet rich in fresh fruits and vegetables should supply enough rutin and keep off deficiency issues. If for some reason there is inadequate supply of the flavone and no supplementation measures are taken, then this could lead to signs and symptoms of ill-health. These may include:

  • Generalized edema
  • Tendency to bleed easily
  • Bleeding in the tissues
  • Varicose veins
  • Spider veins

These symptoms come about due to a weakness in the vein walls. This leads to insufficient venous blood return to the heart resulting to pooling and engorgement of blood in the veins – especially in the capillaries.

Sources of rutin

Rutin can be found naturally in many foods. These include:

  • Buckwheat seeds
  • Oranges
  • Lime
  • Lemons
  • Grapefruit
  • Apples
  • Figs
  • Both green and black tea
  • Eucalyptus leaves

Nutritional supplements of rutin are also available. A good rutin supplement should include at least vitamin C as an ingredient. This is because rutin’s health benefits on blood capillaries are realized better when the supplement is used in the presence of vitamin C.  Belisan’s daily multivitamin Essential is a supplement that contains rutin and vitamin C in the right balance to easily achieve the mentioned benefits. There are many other vitamins and minerals in the supplement for overall health.  To see the complete list of ingredients, click here

The health benefits of rutin                

Rutin is a powerful product with properties that have been utilized for both nutrition and pharmacological uses. In a recent study, the authors were able to collect data that demonstrated this fact. Broadly speaking, rutin has powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. As already mentioned, uncontrolled levels of free radicals and an imbalanced inflammatory system are responsible for many chronic degenerative conditions. The two properties probably serve as the umbrella for the many specific health benefits associated with rutin. The following are 25 of the many research based health benefits of rutin:

  1. Supports the formation of new bone
  2. Helps in maintaining normal blood sugar level
  3. Supports the nervous system and prevents premature degeneration of neural cells
  4. It protects the skin against the effects ultraviolet light radiation
  5. Helps protect the skin against premature aging (wrinkles)
  6. Has some anticonvulsant properties. Although this effect is mild, it means that people with a history of seizures can safely use it.
  7. Supports cognition
  8. Supports healthy joints
  9. It helps in the uptake of thyroid iodide and may help in thyroid related conditions’ diagnosis and treatment
  10. It may help in patients with conditions related to relatively reduced blood supply to the brain. Examples of these are vascular dementia and Alzheimer’s disease
  11. Helps reduce ‘bad’ cholesterol levels
  12. It has antibacterial activity
  13. Has antifungal effects
  14. Has antiviral effects
  15. Protects the liver against the effects of high cholesterol
  16. May offer some physical endurance benefits
  17. Supports the digestive system. It portrays some anti-ulcer effects.
  18. Supports the cardiovascular system. Has been shown to have anti-high blood pressure effects and also supports recovery of functions after a stroke event.
  19. Reduces the toxicity effects of chemotherapy
  20. Supports kidney functions
  21. Supports healthy eyes
  22. Supports healthy male sexual health
  23. Has anti-cancer effects
  24. Supports the respiratory system. It has been demonstrated to support the immune system against factors that lead to asthmatic attacks
  25. Supports faster wound healing

Side effects of rutin

Rutin in normal diet is unlikely to cause any bad effects. However, its supplements product can cause side effects because they are usually more concentrated. Some people may also develop allergic response to such supplements. Some of the side effects that have been observed include:

  • Visual disturbance
  • Digestive problems
  • Skin issues
  • Edema
  • Muscle stiffness
  • Blood white cells proliferation
  • Headache
  • Changes in the pulse

These side effects are largely dose and duration of use related. They are mostly transient and will resolve when use of rutin is stopped or dose is reduced. 

Special precautions and contraindications

If you have used rutin before and you developed an allergic reaction, then the product is contraindicated for you. After an initial adverse reaction to a product or medication, future exposure to a similar product can lead to serious health issues.

Pregnant mothers should talk to their doctor before using rutin.


Rutin is a generally safe product. Its health benefits are backed by scientific research. For best results, look for rutin in a product that has other ingredients in a balanced ratio. For example, Belisan’s Daily Multivitamin Essential is a product that has a wide range of vitamin, minerals, and other products that work in synergy to offer you more benefits than what you would get from the individual ingredients when taken alone.

You can learn more about this product here 


  1. Al-Dhabi, N. A., Arasu, M. V., Park, C. H., & Park, S. U. (2015). An up-to-date review of rutin and its biological and pharmacological activities. EXCLI Journal, 14, 59–63.
  2. C.H. Jung, J.Y. Lee, C.H. Cho, C.J. Kim Anti-asthmatic action of quercetin and rutin in conscious guinea-pigs challenged with aerosolized ovalbumin Arch. Pharm. Res., 30 (12) (2007), pp. 1599-1607
  3. E. Moretti, L. Mazzi, G. Terzuoli, C. Bonechi, F. Iacoponi, S. Martini, C. Rossi, G. Collodel Effect of quercetin, rutin, naringenin and epicatechin on lipid peroxidation induced in human sperm Reprod. Toxicol., 34 (4) (2012), pp. 651-657
  4. V.M. Pozin, S.G. Skuratovskaia, G.A. Pocheptsova Changes in the vascular wall and ischemic damages to the myocardium in reversible episodes of heart muscle ischemia Fiziol. Zh., 42 (1–2) (1996), pp. 10-16
  5. J.G. Zhang, W.E. Lindup Role of mitochondria in Cisplatin-induced oxidative damage exhibited by rat renal cortical slices Biochem. Pharmacol., 45 (1993), pp. 2215-2222


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